Nassau County Executive Laura Curran and Police Commissioner Patrick J. Ryder would like to remind residents that as the temperature rises, it's important to KEEP YOUR COOL. Know the warning signs, and treatment, of common heat-related problems.
HEAT STROKE ("sunstroke") occurs when the body can't rid itself of excess heat, and there is a sudden rise in body temperature. Symptoms appear rapidly: Look for very hot and dry skin (no sweat), dizziness, nausea, confusion and unconsciousness. Lower the body temperature as quickly as possible. Move the person to a cool area, or immerse in/pour cool water over the person. SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY: HEAT STROKE CAN BE FATAL.
HEAT EXHAUSTION is a mild form of shock from excess exposure to heat. Look forpale, clammy skin with profuse sweating, headache, dizziness, fatigue, and sometimesabdominal cramping. Body temperature remains close to normal. Move the person to acool area.HEAT SYNCOPE (loss of consciousness) is due to decreased blood flow to the brainand heart as the blood pools in the extremities. The person will quickly regain consciousnesswhen lying down. Allow the victim to rest, and remove from the activity or environment whichcaused the loss of consciousness.HEAT RASH ("prickly heat") is caused by blocked sweat ducts. Although notdangerous, the rash has a tingly or prickly feeling. Shower or wash often, dry your skincompletely and change into dry clothing. Stay out of the heat until the rash is gone.HEAT CRAMPS (mild to severe muscle cramps in the arms, legs or abdomen) aredue to profuse perspiration. Look for pale, moist skin with heavy sweating andoccasional nausea or faintness. Move the person to a cool area but do not massagethe cramped muscles. If not nauseous, slowly sip one or two glasses of an electrolytedrink. Do not resume the activity which caused the cramps for at least 12hours or the cramps may return.THE POLICE DEPARTMENT OFFERS THE FOLLOWING 10 SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT HEAT RELATED ILLNESSES: